Anyone may wonder where all the junk goes after collection from different sources. The answer is usually to the most common destination for waste – the dumpsite. But it is wishful thinking that waste management is all that simple.
There are innovations which have been developed to treat junk after companies handling junk removal in Minneapolis bring the items to sites other than the dumpsite, for further processing. These sites serve for recovering, recycling, depositing, processing, handling, and keeping waste. These processes can be seen in waste disposal areas, material recovery sites, transfer stations, and volume reduction plants, to name a few. The next question that arises is if they can be sustained since their potential is high to be the long-term solution in the problem of waste generation.
Material recovery facility
A material recovery facility (MRF) is a structure designed to receive, sort, process, and store recyclables, and prepare them for shipping and selling of the salvaged materials. It provides an efficient recycling program to increase the quantity of processed reusable items for commercial purposes. Also, it creates a mechanism to transform waste into a fuel source for energy production. The products of MRF serve as raw materials that are essential in remanufacturing and reprocessing.
There are two types of MRF: one that receives mixed waste materials, but the sorting process is labor-intensive, and clean MRF that is fed by sorted recyclable items and can prevent possible contamination.
Compost is a product that results from a specific biological process that transforms biodegradable waste into humus-like material. This organic matter has numerous benefits to the soil, like improving its quality, as well as its properties. Through the composting facilities, the full range of organic waste is stored in a controlled setting to ensure the right temperature and retention to remove pathogens and eliminate weed seeds. The stored materials serve as compost fertilizer for plants.
Hazardous waste management units
Hazardous waste management primarily works to reduce the number of harmful materials, and treat them to lessen their toxicity. With the use of adequate engineering controls, the facility can prevent, contain, decontaminate, and manage the waste before releasing it.
The significant operations this facility provides are the storage, collection and transportation, and final treatment to disposal. The storage units serve to hold hazardous waste temporarily before treatment and disposal. In contrast, disposal facilities contain such residues permanently with a design that protects groundwater and surface-water resources. The most complex among the three is the treatment, which refers to any method or process capable of changing the composition of any hazardous waste. It can neutralize such waste, or even make it less hazardous or nonhazardous at all. Also, this technique makes former dangerous materials safer to store, transport, and dispose of. Some treatment processes can even turn hazardous waste into recoverable and reusable materials in manufacturing settings.
Post-collection waste facilities are a huge breakthrough in waste management. Aside from saving recoverable materials rather than discarding them, they can also provide a safer disposal capacity that can protect people and the environment.